Right now we have a shortage of skilled labor in the manufacturing environment. It is my observation that this shortage comes from three main areas: retirement of experience, educational demands, and an emphasis on college degrees. But regardless of the reasons (and we will delve into that) I think I have come up with a solution.
So stop whining, roll up your sleeves, and let’s get to work.
Loss of Experience
The Baby-Boomers are retiring. This restless, workaholic generation is getting to the age where they can enjoy the golden years. The baby-boomers were born from 1946 to 1964, putting the oldest of this group at age 68 and the youngest at age 50. Many of those from this generation started working right out of high school with a company and, in the age of benefits and pensions, stayed with that company for the required 25 years before they could start drawing on their retirement funds. That means that the earliest of the baby-boomers started retiring in the early 1970’s! We have seen a decline in capabilities ever since.
Not only have vocational training options been in a decline over the last several decades, but the technological requirements have been climbing exponentially. Now, for a mechanic, not only does he need to understand how to turn a wrench, but also how to lock out equipment, interface with pneumatics, hydraulics, and even PLCs and light ladder-logic programming.
Electricians have seen their trade go from simple dry contacts and relay-logic to smart instruments, networking (Ethernet, ModBus, Profibus, DeviceNet), and a dominating world of micro controllers and systems such that even the simplest of machines have to communicate to another controller.
Machine operators are expected to understand how to work with HMIs (Human-Machine Interfaces) that are increasingly complex. They have to troubleshoot on a daily basis with equipment that is both mechanically and electrically more complex than ever before. Additionally, companies are trying to run leaner and have reduced technical support functions to a minimum, requiring that operators know more about how their equipment works and how to fix it for simple repairs.
Everyone has to go to College
Only 62% of college graduates are actually working at their education level. Only 27% of grads are working in a field of their degrees. So why is there such an emphasis on college?
We have been conditioned in my generation that we must go to college if we want to have a successful life. Don’t get me wrong, I am a big proponent of education. But I feel that our educational system is broken as well as overstated. We are being educated in the wrong things. Some people are just going to college to get the degree. I know of several people (and maybe you are one of them) that went to college before they knew what they wanted to do for a living. Most people don’t even figure it out until they graduate.
However, college tuition is getting to a point that the average student will pay over $120,000 after 4-years (this is from the University of Illinois for Resident). If that is taken out in a student loan and paid back over 10 years it will require a monthly payment of over $1,300 (from FinAid.org). The recommended annual salary to pay back this loan is over $100,000. As a matter of fact, you have to extend the term to 30 years to get below a $100,000 annual salary. Really? Is this realistic?
Get your company to do some research on how you can tap into government funds. There should be some options with your local government or state that can help you offset some of these costs.
Look into apprenticeship programs. The oldie is a goodie. You can pay a smaller wage to the inexperienced and incentivize them to take classes and perform onsite qualifier tests to move to the next wage bracket. Get back to building your own trained workforce.
Develop your own training programs. Stop trying to hire them in with the technical skills. Teach them yourself. Create a training program that is supplemented with community college programs. You can even bring back that retired expert part-time as a trainer so that he can teach your young folks how to work on your specific equipment.
Talk to your community colleges about adding vocational studies. Partnering with these schools can help to get your costs down and provides you access to additional resources.
In short, stop expecting to find the right person off of the street. It is probably not going to happen. Instead, stop complaining and make something happen. Create your own talented workforce.